Turkey And Libya Maritime Agreement

Posted by Admin on Dec 19, 2020 in Uncategorized |

“United ministers have registered the agreement on maritime justice between Turkey and Libya,” the ministry said on its Twitter account. “Our deep relationship with Libya, based on more than 500 years of history, will continue to strengthen.” In Libya, the signing of the memorandum elicited different reactions: it was welcomed by the government`s supporters of the national agreement, but rejected by supporters of Khalifa Haftar and the Tobruk Parliament. Ahmad Al Mismari, the official spokesman for Haftar`s forces, rejected the agreement and warned that “military force will be used to prevent any violation of Libyan sovereignty.” [11] Members of the Tobruk Parliament expressed similar sentiments, while President Aguila Saleh Issa sent a letter to the UN GENERAL SECRETARy, Antonio Guterres, in which they called the agreement “null and void”. Saleh called for the agreement to be ratified by the Tobruk parliament and “Libya and Turkey have no common maritime borders.” [12] The Greek authorities argue that the borders drawn in a new agreement between Turkey and Libya overlap with the continental shelf of the southern Mediterranean islands, particularly Crete. The Turkish authorities respond to these allegations by arguing that all islands are treated differently with regard to maritime borders. Josep Borrell, Vice-President of the European Commission, said that the agreement signed by Turkey and Libya is a violation of third countries and does not comply with the law of the sea. [13] The President of the Republic of Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiades, wanted to create a diplomatic movement to annihilate the agreement between Libya and Turkey. He also stated that this movement would not include any military options. [14] Greece challenged the UN and denounced the Libyan ambassador in response to the agreement, furious at a pact that bypasses the Greek island of Crete and violates its continental shelf. [15] It is clear that the registration of the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan GNA with the United Nations is an ambitious and encouraging signal to other coastal states for Ankara to have a say in the future development of the region`s gas and hydrocarbon reserves.

While an exclusive policy can create tension and instability, inclusion and cooperation will definitely ensure a win-win outcome for all countries in this geostrategic region. Advances in drilling technology over the past quarter century have had the effect of disputes on maritime borders in the eastern Mediterranean due to the increased demand for hydrocarbon resources. Unlike territorial waters, the establishment of continental ceilings and exclusive economic zones (EEZs) within overlapping maritime areas in the region has been particularly problematic. The maritime agreement between Turkey and Libya is Ankara`s “red line” in the eastern Mediterranean, Turkish Vice President Fuat Oktay said on Wednesday. But Greece`s controversial decision to sign an agreement on sea delimitation with Egypt, which violates its continental shelf and sea rights after Turkey`s violations, has sparked new tensions between its two neighbors, with Ankara accusing Athens of pursuing a maximalist policy in the eastern Mediterranean.

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