Rwanda Paris Agreement

Posted by Admin on Dec 16, 2020 in Uncategorized |

The ratification will take place as the world prepares for a meeting in Marrakech for the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, with a new dynamic for the fight against climate change – thanks to the successful adoption of the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol. The Kigali amendment will prevent warming of up to 0.5 degrees Celsius by the end of the century by gradually relocating the use of hazardous greenhouse gases known as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). This historic agreement is proof of the practical measures that the international community intends to promote in Morocco next month. The agreement, signed by 196 countries, aims to mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing CO2 emissions and limiting global temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius. Rwanda depends on rain-fed agriculture for the livelihood and export of tea and coffee, as well as for half of its electricity production. But rainfall has become increasingly volatile in recent years, with variability expected to increase by 5-10%, according to the government. The next UN climate summit, Cop26, in Glasgow, UK, has been postponed until 2021. In practice, the delay gives countries a little more time to develop their climate plans before the political moment. The plan corresponds to an estimated reduction of 4.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. Faustin Munyazikwiye, a climate negotiator and deputy director general of Rwanda`s Environment Agency, said the threat of a global recession would make it “very difficult” for developing countries to fight climate change and promote economic development. “This requires enhanced cooperation between all countries,” he said. This agreement is a comprehensive framework for measures to combat climate change, which guides the steps that all nations will take to reduce their contribution to global warming. The agreement also provides $100 billion a year for climate finance and technology transfer to help developing countries cope with the effects of climate change and move to a green economy.

As part of its first climate plan, presented in 2015, Rwanda has defined a series of emission reduction measures, but without a measurable target. The sectoral scope of the target has also been broadened to include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). But the coronavirus pandemic has slowed many countries` work on revising their climate targets, and some developing countries have warned that they will struggle to come up with new plans before the end of the year. Earlier this year, New Zealand informed the United Nations that it was awaiting formal advice on how to adapt its climate target to the 1.5oC target in early 2021 before revising its national plan. . Rwanda was the first African country to present its updated national climate plan this month as part of the Paris Agreement. This ambitious proposal renews the hope that 2020 can become “the great year of the fight against climate change”. Denmark is proposing two giant “energy islands” to meet the 2030 climate target. According to Environment Minister Vincent Biruta, the plan will guide the country on meeting its obligations under the Paris Agreement through a rapid slowdown and adaptation of the climate.

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